Japan's assignments are somewhat vague and open-ended. In some instances, women who attempt to flee the set of a film are caught, confined to hotel rooms or taken to remote locations where escape is impossible. But Japan seems unanimously and permanently convinced that the war led to catastrophe for the country.
But in 1993, as the economy was on the way down from its bubbly 1980s zenith, the government began the foreign trainee program, which allows tens of thousands of workers, mostly from China, Vietnam and Indonesia, to come to Japan and supply labor for industries. At Okinawa, as at the other major Japanese air-force base - Chitose, on the northern island of Hokkaido - the air force has to share runway space with, and be bossed around by, the civilian airlines.